Frank Bibeau

Grand Rapids Herald Review

Northern Voices is produced and hosted by Leah Lemm and made possible by the Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund and the citizens of Minnesota. 

This week Frank Bibeau.  He is an attorney with an incredible depth of knowledge and he and his wife are water protectors. Frank has inherited a wild rice and smoked white fish operation from Tim Holm.

U.S. Supreme Court rulings in Wisconsin in 1983, and in Minnesota in 1999, affirmed the off-reservation hunting, fishing and gathering rights in territories ceded by the Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) in 19th century treaties with the Federal Government.  These and other court rulings explain why treaties still matter today.

If you’ve ever traveled Hwy 2 between Bemidji and Grand Rapids   you’ve probably seen a stand in Ball Club.  It was operated for over 30 years by the late Tim Holm from Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe.  Tim’s family, friends and community continue to mourn his loss – but there is also a loss of culture and tradition that came with Tim selling smoked whitefish and wild rice from that stand.